Tomo I Matos_Pie_Templo_1ed_2018_FSC_Tomo1_A.indd 5 09/05/2019 08:23:52 p. m. The Templo Mayor was first constructed in the reign of Itzcoatl (r. 1427-1440 CE), improved upon by his successor Motecuhzoma I (r. 1440-1469 CE), and again enlarged during the reign of Ahuitzotl (r. 1486-1502 CE). These rulers, and others, each employed the resources and labour given in tribute by neighbouring states in order to build a more impressive monument than their predecessors.The location was chosen with purpose a… Leonardo López Luján. [14], After the fall of Tenochtitlan in 1521, the lands controlled by the Aztecs became part of the Spanish empire. Also located here are the two large ceramic statues of the god Mictlantecuhtli which were found in the House of the Eagle Warriors who were dedicated to Huitzilopochtli. [4], On the sides of the Templo Mayor, archeologists have excavated a number of palatial rooms and conjoining structures. El Museo del Templo Mayor abrió sus puertas el 12 de octubre de 1987 y ha recibido, hasta ahora, a más de trece millones de visitantes. Ver más ideas sobre Historia de mexico, Templo, México tenochtitlan. Los conquistadores españoles sólo conocieron la última etapa constructiva del Templo Mayor, efectuada durante el reinado de Moctezuma Xocoyotzin, y se admiraron de la majes­tuo­sidad y gran altura que poseía ya el sagrado edificio. La escasez de lluvia y el sacrificio de niños. The museum exists to make all of the finds available to the public. México-Tenochtitlan, INAH-SEP, México, 1981. The lower panel shows processions of armed warriors converging on a zacatapayolli, a grass ball into which the Mexica stuck bloody lancets during the ritual of autosacrifice. [9], Aztec temples were typically expanded by building over prior ones, using the bulk of the former as a base for the latter, as later rulers sought to expand the temple to reflect the growing greatness of the city of Tenochtitlan. Se trata, por un lado, del llamado Palacio de los Guerreros Águila, y por otro, de un conjunto aún no identificado que probablemente se trate del Palacio de los Guerreros Jaguar. Templo Mayor. The Sacred Precinct of the Templo Mayor was surrounded by a wall called the "coatepantli" (serpent wall). ... Templo Mayor, México D.F. Conoce su historia aquí. El Templo Mayor, arquitectura prehispánica en la Ciudad de México, Si tienes la oportunidad de quedarte un tiempo en la colonia Condesa, con fines vacacionales, tal vez desees conocer uno de los lugares mas valiosos para comprender la historia antigua de la Ciudad de México. This room contains urns where dignitaries where interred, funerary offerings, as well as objects associated with self and human sacrifice—such as musical instruments, knives and skulls. Disfruta de la e-magazine de México Desconocido con acceso gratuito. Her body was then thrown to the bottom of the hill. [24], Another theme exhibited in this hall is autosacrifice, a ritual that was conducted in private as a personal act of communication with the gods. pología e Historia, el Museo del Templo Mayor y el Museo Nacional de las Intervenciones; así como de la Universidad Nacional Autó - noma de México, de la Universidad Prefectural de Aichi, en Japón, y del aviario El Nido. [4], Fray Toribio de Motolinía, a Spanish friar who arrived to Mexico soon after the invasion, writes in his work Memoriales that the Aztec feast of Tlacaxipehualiztli "took place when the sun stood in the middle of [the Temple of] Huitzilopochtli, which was at the equinox". Director del Proyecto Templo Mayor (PTM) del Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH) desde 1991, ha dedicado su vida al estudio de la política, la religión y el arte de las sociedades prehispánicas del centro de México y a la historia de la arqueología en este país. El templo de Ehécatl, deidad del viento que barría los cielos y atraía la lluvia, se encontraba frente al adoratorio de Tláloc, “deidad fecunda que residía en el Templo Mayor» explicó el arqueólogo Raúl Barrera, supervisor del Programa de Arqueología Urbana (PAU), del Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia … As the southern half of the Great Temple represented Coatepec (on the side dedicated to Huitzilopochtli), the great stone disk with Coyolxauhqui's dismembered body was found at the foot of this side of the temple. La escasez de lluvia y el sacrificio de niños. El recinto ceremonial de edificios monumentales de Tenochtitlan estaba dominado por el Templo Mayor, una enorme pirámide doble dedicada tanto a la deidad patronal azteca Huitzilopochtli como al dios de la tormenta Tláloc.. Las excavaciones arqueológicas en la base del templo demuestran que fue construido como una recreación simbólica del nacimiento de Huitzilopochtli. Goupil, ParisAncienne Collection J. M. A. Aubin. This palace specifically imitates much of the style of the Burnt Palace, located in the ruins of Tula. Debido a lo anterior, una de las deidades principales, que alcanzó una jerarquía similar a la de Huitzilopochtli, fue Tláloc. Un lugar especial en el recinto sagrado lo ocupaba la cancha del juego de pelota, el Huey Tlachco, situado frente a la entrada poniente. [5] In 1933, Emilio Cuevas found part of a staircase and beam. Mexicanal 8,777 views. Durante la celebración del juego —lla­mado “ulama” porque la pelota estaba hecha de hule—, los jugadores, que adquirían un carácter astral, golpeaban el esférico con las caderas (aunque había otro tipo de canchas donde la pelota se movía mediante golpes con el antebrazo). A lo largo del siglo XX los arqueólogos fueron descubriendo la ubicación exacta del Templo Mayor de los mexicas, el sagrado edificio que fuera destruido tras la conquista de la metrópoli indígena, y cuyos restos habían permanecido ocultos durante cuatro siglos bajo los cimientos de las construcciones virreinales y decimonónicas del centro de nuestra ciudad capital. A ello se debe que cada vez que querían agrandarlo, se construía un nuevo edificio sobre el anterior conservando las mismas características fundamentales, es decir, dos capillas en la cúspide y escalinata doble en la fachada principal. Zona Arqueológica tipo AAA . El templo de Ehécatl, deidad del viento que barría los cielos y atraía la lluvia, se encontraba frente al adoratorio de Tláloc, “deidad fecunda que residía en el Templo Mayor» explicó el arqueólogo Raúl Barrera, supervisor del Programa de Arqueología Urbana (PAU), del Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia … The Eagle Warriors were a privileged class who were dedicated to the god Huitzilopochtli, and dressed to look like eagles. The idol of Huitzilopochtli was modeled from amaranth seeds held together with honey and human blood. De esa etapa se conservan los muros de los adoratorios, el téchcatl o piedra sagrada de los sacrificios y una escultura del Chac-Mool. SALA 2: Las ofrendas del templo mayor . Inside of him were bags containing jade, bones and amulets to give life to the god. In 1948, Hugo Moedano and Elma Estrada Balmori excavated a platform containing serpent heads and offerings. Cuando ocurría un movimiento contrario, el juego se detenía y se decapitaba a un jugador, con lo cual se evitaba la inminente destrucción del universo. Después de ingresar por la entrada sur, los visitantes debieron ver a lo lejos la pirámide de Tláloc y Huitzilopochtli. [13] While Cortes left for Veracruz to confront Spaniards looking to arrest him, Pedro de Alvarado learned of a plan to attack the Spaniards, and staged a pre-emptive attack on the Aztecs in the Sacred Precinct while they celebrated a religious festival. En las crónicas antiguas se relata la visita que hiciera al recinto sagrado de México-Tenochtitlan, por invitación misma del tlatoani tenochca, un señor del pueblo enemigo de Huexotzinco. [4], The Zócalo, or main plaza of Mexico City today, was developed to the southwest of this archeological site, which is located in the block between Seminario and Justo Sierra streets. Despite being found in fragile pieces, they were both reconstructed and are on display at the on-site museum. Particularmente de aquellos que procedían de los señoríos rivales, quienes advertían ese trágico destino para todo aquel que rompiese las buenas relaciones con México-Tenochtitlan. • Antonio Serrato-Combe: The Aztec Templo Mayor - A Visualization, The University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City 2001, ISBN 0-87480-690-9 A la entrada de los adoratorios del Templo Mayor había unas vigorosas esculturas de hombres en posición sedente, cuya misión era sostener los estandartes y las banderolas hechas de papel amate que evocaban el poder de los númenes patrones. However, the discovery did not generate great public interest in excavating further, because the zone was an upper-class residential area. 100 años del templo mayor: historia de un descubrimiento. Only a platform to the north and a section of paving in the courtyard on the south side can still be seen. Just over two meters down, the diggers struck a pre-Hispanic monolith. These offerings were placed accompanied by complex rituals following set temporal, spatial and symbolic patterns, depending on the intention of the offering. At this time, the stairway to the shrine of Tlaloc was defined by a pair of undulating serpents and in the middle of this shrine was a small altar defined by a pair of sculpted frogs. A small silver mask and a gold bell were found inside one urn, and second gold bell and two green stone beads were placed in the other. En la parte superior de las alfar­das se ubicaban los braceros, donde ininterrumpidamente debía permanecer encendido el fuego sagrado. El sitio se conoce como Templo Mayor, debido a que en este lugar se encuentran los restos del que fue el edificio principal de la antigua ciudad de Tenochtitlan. Here are displayed the first finds associated with the temple, from the first tentative finds in the 19th century to the discovery of the huge stone disk of Coyolxauhqui, which initiated the Templo Mayor Project. Templo Mayor es la denominación en español de huey teocalli, el gran templo en la capital azteca de Tenochtitlan, fundada en el año 1325, que fue conquistada y destruída por los españoles en 1521.El poder colonial erigió sobre sus ruinas una nueva ciudad, por lo que durante muchos siglos el santuario principal de los aztecas quedó olvidado. Reporte de la visita al Templo Mayor Ubicación El Recinto del Templo Mayor era un cuadrado de 500 metros de lado (250.000 m²) que se. Sitio oficial del Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia. Sin lugar a dudas, Moctezuma se deleitó observando los rostros de sus invitados. It was at the time the largest and most important active ceremonial center. [12] Huitzilopochtli emerged from his mother Coatlicue fully grown and fully armed to battle his sister Coyolxauhqui and her brothers the Centzon Huitznahua who intended to kill him and their mother. They are salty, very crunchy, and taste slightly like Fritos. [9], The excavated site consists of two parts: the temple itself, exposed and labeled to show its various stages of development, along with some other associated buildings, and the museum, built to house the smaller and more fragile objects. Due to the god's serpentine nature, the temple had a circular base instead of a rectangular one. Ver más ideas sobre Historia de mexico, Templo, México tenochtitlan. [4], The push to fully excavate the site did not come until late in the 20th century. In 1519, this was the last day of Tlacaxipehualiztli, that is, precisely the day of the feast of the month. México antiguo. [3][4], The Calmecac was a residence hall for priests and a school for future priests, administrators and politicians, where they studied theology, literature, history and astronomy. Pero los mexicas no podían olvidarse de los demás dioses, pues todos ellos propiciaban la existencia armónica del universo. In excavations at the Templo Mayor, different types of offerings have been found and have been grouped by researchers in terms of Time (the period in which the offering was deposited); Space (the location of the offering within the structure); Container (type and dimensions of the receptacle containing the objects); internal distribution (placement of objects within the offering) and value of the items. It was so named because it was slightly elevated over the rest of the neighborhood and, during flooding, street dogs would congregate there. The entrance of each temple had statues of robust and seated men which supported the standard-bearers and banners of handmade bark paper. Ahí se practicaba este deslumbrante deporte ritual donde se presagiaba el movimiento del Sol por el firmamento. Sin embargo, en 1913, las excavaciones de don Manuel Gamio en la esquina de Seminario y Santa Teresa (hoy Guatemala), dejaron al descubierto una esquina del Templo Mayor. In 1991, the Urban Archeology Program was incorporated as part of the Templo Mayor Project whose mission is to excavate the oldest area of the city, around the main plaza. The museum has four floors, three of which are for permanent exhibitions and the fourth houses offices for the director, museum administration and research staff. El recinto ceremonial de edificios monumentales de Tenochtitlan estaba dominado por el Templo Mayor, una enorme pirámide doble dedicada tanto a la deidad patronal azteca Huitzilopochtli como al dios de la tormenta Tláloc.. Las excavaciones arqueológicas en la base del templo demuestran que fue construido como una recreación simbólica del nacimiento de Huitzilopochtli. Although many are of Mexica design, there are also abundant items from other peoples, brought in as tribute or through trade. museo del templo mayor El Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH) presenta un recorrido virtual de 360º por el Museo del Templo Mayor, ubicado en el Centro Histórico de la Ciudad de México. It had two stairways to access the two shrines on the top platform. Its exact location is on one side of what is now Donceles Street. [7], The Templo Mayor was partially a symbolic representation of the Hill of Coatepec, where according to Mexica myth, Huitzilopochtli was born. [8] Efforts coalesced into the Templo Mayor Project, which was authorized by presidential decree. 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